Many western cities
have deveoped a polycentric dispersed urban form,
where mobility depends on private automibile use.
However, this mobility strategy, which I refer to as
"automobility", is not sustainable. The negative
products of automobility include traffic congestion,
air pollution, resource depletion, high personal and
social costs, disinvestment in the central city and
deterioration of neighborhood life.
computing and telecommunicationtechnologies -
characterized by unprecendeted improvements in price
- performance ratios--are available for applications
to urban problems. I define a mobility strategy
based on these network technologies as "telemobility".
The strategy of
telemobility consists of the following four elements:
1. A network of
mixed-use activity centers from the neighborhood to
the central business district -- created by re-use
of existing buildings and limited new development.
organizations" - organizations that view their
telecommunications network as a strategic complement
to their physical facilities, and that rely on
telecommuting, teleconferencing, teleservices and
telecomputing to conduct business.
3. Short haul
transportation technologies and systems that serve
home-to-nearby-center and center-to-center trips.
accessible telecommunications networks that provide
sufficant bandwith for the planned applications.
Each of these
element of telemobility is illustrated by recent
projects in the south California region.